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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • If the text is typeset, it follows the Science Diliman templates. If the text is not typeset it adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • All figures and line drawings are in 300dpi.
  • The manuscript has been approved by all co-authors.

Author Guidelines

Information for Authors


1. Science Diliman is a journal of pure and applied sciences published by the University of the Philippines through the Office of the Vice-Chancellor for Research and Development (OVCRD). Considered for publication are primary and original papers. Review articles may occasionally be accepted. In all other cases, papers should present new and previously unpublished material.
2. Contributions must be in English and should not have been submitted for publication elsewhere.
3. Manuscripts are selected for publication according to editorial assessment of their suitability and reviews of independent referees. They will be sent to two or three reviewers, chosen for their expertise. Contributors may suggest reviewers.
4. Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities at the institute where the work has been carried out.


The letter to the editor usually contains these: that, if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to the automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher; that the manuscript will not be published elsewhere in any language without the consent of the copyright holders; that written permission of the copyright holder is obtained by the authors for material used from other copyrighted sources; and that any costs associated with obtaining this permission are the authors’ responsibility.
5. Authors must submit electronically prepared manuscripts in Microsoft Word.
6. Manuscripts should be formatted for A4 paper, double-spaced, with 1" margins on all sides. Each page of the manuscript must include continuous line numbers in the margin.  All pages should be numbered consecutively on the upper right hand corner of the page. 

7. Page 1 should contain the article title, author(s), affiliation(s), and the name and complete mailing address (and telephone number, fax number, and e-mail) of the person to whom correspondence should be sent.
8. Page 2 should contain a short abstract of not more than 250 words. The abstract should contain facts and conclusions, rather than citation of the areas and subjects that have been treated or discussed. The abstract should start with the hypothesis or a statement of the problem to be solved, followed by a description of the method or technique utilized to solve the problem. The abstract should end with a summary of the results that were obtained and their implications. It is to be followed by a maximum of six key words. The author must also submit a layman’s abstract of not more than 200 words.

9. The paper should be organized as follows:
     Abstract and Layman’s Abstract
     Materials and Methods
     Results and Discussion (or Results separate from Discussion)
10. Reference lists, figures, tables, and figure/list captions should all be on separate sheets, all of which should be double-spaced, and numbered. Standard nomenclature should be used. Unfamiliar terms, abbreviations, and symbols must be defined at first mention.
11. References to the literature citations in the text should be by author and year; where there are two authors, both should be named; with three or more only the first author’s name plus “et al.” need to be given.
References in the text should follow the Council of Science Editors (CSE) Scientific Style and Format, 7th Edition, 2006.




Articles from Journals: Print ( Section p. 518-527)

Format:     Author(s). Date. Article Title. Journal title. Volume(issue):location.


Example:   Smart N, Fang ZY, Marwick TH. 2003. A practical guide to exercise raining for  

                  heart failure patients. J Card Fail. 9(1):49-58.


Articles from Journals: Online (Section p. 557-558)

Format:     Author(s) of article. Date of publication. Title of article. Title of journal (edition)   

                 [medium designator]. [date updated; date cited];Volume(issue):location. Notes.


Example:   Savage E, Ramsay M, White J, Beard S, Lawson H, Hunjan R, Brown D. 2005.

                  Mumps outbreaks across England and Wales in 2004: observational study. BMJ

                  [Internet]. [cited 2005 May 31]; 330(7500):1119-1120. Available from: http://www.

                  bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/reprting/330/7500/1119 doi:10.1136/bmj.330.7500.1119.

Articles from Newspapers: Print (Section p. 543)

Format:     Author(s). Date. Title of article. Title of newspaper (edition). Section:beginning

                 page of article (column no.).


Example:  Weiss R. 2003 Apr 11. Study shows problems in cloning people: researchers

                 find replicating primates will be harder than other mammals. Washington Post

                 (Home Ed.). Sect. A:12 (col. 1).

Books: Print (Section p. 527-534)

Format:      Author(s). Date. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher. Extent. Notes.



Example:   Schott J, Priest J. 2002. Leading antenatal classes: a practical guide. 2nd ed.

                  Boston (MA): Books for Midwives.


Books: Online (Section p. 556-564)

Format:      Author(s). Date of publication. Title of book [medium designator].  Edition. Place

                  of publication: publisher; [date updated; date cited]. Notes.


Example:   Griffiths AJF, Miller JH, Suzuki DT, Loweontin RC, Gelbart WM. c2000.

                  Introduction to genetic analysis [Internet]. 7th ed. New York (NY): W. H. Freeman

                  & Co.; [cited 2005 May 31]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/

                  bv.fcgi?call=bv.View..ShowTOC&rid=iga. TOC.


Book Chapter (Section p. 533)

With Editors

Format:     Author(s). Title of article. In: Editors.  Title of book. Edition. Place of publication:

                 publisher; Date of Publication. Notes.


Example:    Anderson RJ, Schrier RW. Acute renal failure. In: Braunwald E, Isselbacher KJ,

                   Petersdorf RD, editors. Harrison’s principles of internal medicine. 15th ed. New

                   York (NY); McGraw-Hill; c2001. p. 1149-1155.

Without Editors

Format:      Author(s). Title of article. In: Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: publisher;

                  Date of Publication. Notes.


Example:    Hazeltine WA. AIDS. In: The encyclopedia Americana. International ed. Danbury

                   (CT): Grolier Incorporated; 1990. p. 365-366.


Conference Proceedings/Papers (Section p. 534)


Published without author(s)

Format:     Editor(s). Date. Title of book. Number and name of conference; date of

                 conference; place of conference. Place of publication: publisher. Extent. Notes.


Example:   Callaos N, Margenstern M, Zhang J, Castillo O, Doberkat EE, editors. c2003.

                  SCI 2003. Proceedings of the 7th World Multiconference on Systemics,

                  Cybernetics and Informatics; Orlando, FL. Orlando (FL): International Institute of

                  Informatics and Systematics.


Published with author(s)

Format:     Author(s) of Paper. Date. Title of paper. In: Editors.  Title of book. Number and

                 name of conference; date of conference; place of conference. Place of publication:

                 publisher. Location. Notes.


Example:   Lee DJ, Bates D, Dromey C, Xu X, Antani S. c2003. An imaging system

                  correlating lip shapes with tongue contact patterns for speech pathology

                  research. In: Krol M, Mitra S, Lee DJ, editors. CMS 2003. Proceedings of the 16th

                  IEEE Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems; New York. Los Alamitos

                  (CA): IEEE Computer Society. p. 307-313.

Unpublished (Section p. 566-568)

Format:     Authors(s). Date of conference. Title of paper. Paper presented at: Title of

                 conference. Number and Name of the conference; place of the conference.


Example:   Antani S, Long LR, Thomas GR, Lee DJ. 2003. Anatomical shape representation

                  in spine x-ray images. Paper Presented at: VIIP 2003: Proceedings of the 3rd

                  IASTED International Conference on Visualization, Imaging and Image

                  Processing; Benalmadena, Spain.


Technical Reports (Section p. 537)


Format:     Author(s). Date. Title of report. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher. Extent.  

                 Report No.: Notes. 


Example:   Feller BA. 1981. Health characteristics of persons with chronic activity limitation,

                  United States, 1979. Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US).

                  Report NO.: VHS-SER-10/137. Available from: NTIS, Springfield, VA; PB88-



Dissertations and Theses (Section p. 539-541)


Format:     Authors(s). Date. Title of dissertation and thesis [content designator]. Place of

                 publication: publisher. Extent. Notes.


Example:   Lutz M. 1989. 1903: American nervousness and the economy of cultural change

                  [dissertation]. Stanford (CA): Stanford University.


Group/Corporate Author (Section p. 494)


Format:     [Abbreviation of group] Name of group (Country). Date. Title. Place of publication.

                  Publisher. Notes.


Example:   [IOM] Institute of Medicine (US). 1975. Legalized abortion and the public health;

                  report of a study by a committee of the Institute of Medicine. Washington (DC):

                  National Academy of Sciences.


Other Internet Materials (Section p. 556-564)



Format:     Title of Homepage [medium designator]. Date of publication. Edition. Place of

                  publication: publisher; [date updated; date cited]. Notes.


Example:    APSnet: plant pathology online [Internet]. c1994-2005. St Paul (MN): American

                   Phytopathological Association; [cited 2005 Jun 20]. Available from:



For more detailed examples please refer to the CSE Manual 7th Edition.



12. The list of references at the end of the paper should include only works mentioned in the text and should be arranged alphabetically by the name of the author.
13. Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic references rests entirely with the author, who is requested to use as few “in press” citations as possible. “In press” citations must include the name of the journal that has accepted the paper.
14. Footnotes in the text should be numbered consecutively. Footnotes to the title or authors of the article are marked by asterisks and placed on the title page.
15. Figures and graphs should always be mentioned in the text and numbered with Arabic numerals. A brief descriptive caption should be provided for each figure or table on a separate page. At the lower hand corner, the name of the author and the figure number should be indicated.
16. Illustration hard copy should comprise:
      Line drawing should be of good quality and should not exceed 8 1/2" x 11" size
      paper, with clearly legible inscriptions, even if reduced to 85% of their size.
      Photographs/Illustrations: Well-constructed photo-graphic prints
      (not photocopies), trimmed at right angles and in the final size desired by the  
17. When possible, all organisms must be identified by the scientific binomen.
18. Mathematical equations should be clearly presented so that they can be interpreted properly.
19. Obscure primes, symbols, and dots must be brought to the attention of the printer. Distinguish very clearly number 1 and letter l. Use fractional exponents instead of root signs and the solidus (/) for fractions wherever their use will save vertical space.
20. All equations must be numbered sequentially in Arabic numerals in parentheses on the right-hand side of the equations.

21. The authors should follow internationally accepted abbreviations, symbols, units, etc., especially those adopted by the Council of Science Editors (CSE) Scientific Style and Format, 7th Edition, 2006.

22. Less common abbreviations may be printed as footnotes.

23. Authors may opt to submit their typeset manuscripts as an email attachment to <science.updiliman@up.edu.ph>. Submissions should be addressed to:  

     The Editor-in-Chief
     Office of the Vice-Chancellor for Research and Development
     University of the Philippines
     Lower Ground Floor, Phivolcs Bldg., C.P. Garcia Avenue
     UP Campus, Diliman, Quezon City 1101, Philippines

Camera-ready illustrations (original plus one copy) must accompany the manuscript.