Historical Distortions and Misconceptions: Exploring Problems and Issues in the Use of the Marxist Framework in ‘Veneration Without Understanding’ (1970) by Renato Constantino
AbstractRenato Constantino’s article “Veneration Without Understanding” is examined in order to see how the historian used a Marxist framework to ultimately produce his own version of the national hero, Jose Rizal. The article begins with an overview of Marxist historiography to provide an understanding of Constantino’s methodology, then deconstructs the framework using structuralism as lens to demonstrate how the historian drew a historically anachronistic account of the national hero. Analysis is focused on Rizal’s outlook on the Philippine Revoution of 1896. The study argues that there is need to reconcile the opposing views and interpretation of Rizal, and take into account other sources beyond the hero’s controversial December 15 Manifesto, including the hero’s key works and correspondences. Constantino’s application of a Marxist framework to understand Rizal, this study contends, is inadequate and produces a historically anachronistic version of the national hero. The study per se does not aim to discredit the application of Marxism or the use of a particular theoretical construct but cautions against the rigid application of theoretical lenses in historiography and in the production of historical narratives.
How to Cite
GUIANG, Francisco Jayme Paolo A.. Historical Distortions and Misconceptions: Exploring Problems and Issues in the Use of the Marxist Framework in ‘Veneration Without Understanding’ (1970) by Renato Constantino. Philippine Social Sciences Review, [S.l.], sep. 2016. ISSN 0031-7802. Available at: <http://ovcrd.upd.edu.ph/pssr/article/view/5398>. Date accessed: 25 feb. 2018.
historical interpretation, frameworks and perspectives, historical anachronism, historiography, Marxist framework, structuralism