Corruption, Contradictions, and Conscience: A Whistleblower’s Story

  • Danilo R. Reyes UP National College of Public Administration and Governance


Over the years, there has been a steady stream of scholarly papers, essays, case studies, reports, and similar narratives that seek to document, describe, or analyze corrupt practices and accountability problems in government. Curiously neglected, if not missing in these initiatives, particularly in the Philippines, is the analysis of so-called “whistleblowers” or those who voluntarily expose corrupt practices after having witnessed or participated in these acts. The phenomenological method is adopted as a framework towards understanding the realities and dynamics of corrupt practices. Phenomenology is a philosophy that derives its knowledge from direct and actual experience by an actor who has personal knowledge of phenomena. The whistleblower’s account can be used as a study in the phenomenological method for us to better understand the hidden and unknown realities of corrupt practices. The paper looks at a case of an insider or what has been referred to as the whistleblower. In 2005, Sandra Cam, a self-confessed participant in the gambling payoffs for illegal jueteng operations in Bicol, the Philippines, courageously exposed links and collection activities.
How to Cite
REYES, Danilo R.. Corruption, Contradictions, and Conscience: A Whistleblower’s Story. Philippine Journal of Public Administration, [S.l.], v. 54, n. 1-2, p. 128-152, nov. 2012. ISSN ISSN 0031-7675. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 25 apr. 2019.
Vol 54 Nos. 1 & 2